Родительный падеж » Anotações de um não poliglota

Caso genitivo

27 agosto 2013 (21:50:55)
O caso genitivo é o segundo caso do idioma russo. Ele é utilizado para descrever posses, contar coisas, refletir algumas relações e também vários outras utilidades.



Pronomes pessoais
(nominativo)
Pronomes pessoais
(genitivo)
Singular Я Меня
Ты Тебя
Он Его
Него*
Она Её
Неё*
Оно Его
Него*
Plural Мы Нас
Вы Вас
Они Их
Них*
* = pronomes pessoais utilizados quando houver uma preposição precedendo o pronome.



  1. Posse sobre algo.
  2. Eu tenho um carro. У меня есть машина.
    Ela tinha um amigo. У неё был друг.
    O Murilo tinha um livro. У Мурило была книга.
    O Denis tinha tempo. У Дениса было время.
    Nós tínhamos coisas. У нас были вещи.
    Vocês terão problemas. У вас будут проблемы.
    Eles terão internet. У них будет интернет.

  3. Negação e falta de algo.
  4. Nenhuma igreja na cidade. В городе нет церкви.
    Nenhuma página no livro. В книге нет страницы.
    O Vladimir (Vova) não tem nenhum irmão. У Вовы нет брата.
    Chá sem açúcar. Чай без сахара.

  5. Clausulas possessivas.
  6. Esta é a irmã do Vânia. Это сестра Вани.
    A mesa de madeira. Стол из дерева.
    O centro da cidade. Центр города.

  7. Comparações.
  8. Eu sou mais velho do que ele. Я старше его.
    Um cachorro é maior do que um gato. Собака больше кошки.

  9. Quantidades e medidas.
    1. Número exato de coisas.
    2. Se tivermos 1 ou 21, 31, 41... nós utilizamos o substantivo no singular e no nominativo.
      Se tivermos 2, 3, 4 ou 22, 23, 24... nós utilizamos o substantivo no singular e no genitivo.
      Se tivermos 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 até 20, nós utilizamos o substantivo no plural e no genitivo.
      Ele tem 1 livro. У него есть 1 книга.
      Ele tem 2 livros. У него есть 2 книги.
      Ele tem 5 livros. У него есть 5 книг.
      Ele tem 11 livros. У него есть 11 книг.
      Ele tem 21 livros. У него есть 21 книга.
      Ele tem 33 livros. У него есть 33 книги.
      Ele tem 47 livros. У него есть 47 книг.

    3. Número relativo de coisas.
    Eu comprei um pouco de açúcar. Я купил немного сахара.
    Eu comprei um monte de livros. Я купил много книг.

  10. Horários e datas.
    1. Que dia é hoje?
    2. Hoje é dia 13 de setembro. Сегодня 13 сентября.
      Amanhã será dia 25 de agosto. Завтра будет 25 августа.

    3. Quando você nasceu?
    4. Eu nasci no dia 23 de janeiro. Я родился 23 января 1995 года.
      Я родился двадцать третьего января тысяча девятьсот девяносто пятого года

    5. Intervalo de tempo
    6. Eu estava no Brasil de sexta-feira a segunda-feira. Я был в Бразилии с пятницы до понедельника.

    7. Quando?
    8. Vejo você antes do trabalho. Увидимся до работы.
      Ele morreu durante a guerra. Он умер во время войны.
      Eu cheguei depois do show. Я приехал после концерта.



Terminações no caso genitivo.

    Gênero Substantivo Adjetivo
    MASCULINO
    • Terminando em consoante
    • стол → стола

    • Terminando em -ь e -й
    • конь → коня
      буй → буя

    • Terminando em vogal
    • папа → папы
      дядя → дяди
    • Terminando em -ой e -ый
    • большой → большого
      белый → белого
    FEMININO
    • Terminando em -а e -я
    • луна → луны
      свинья → свиньи

    • Terminando em -ь
    • ночь → ночи
    • Terminando em -ая
    • красная → красной
      белый → белого

    • Terminando em -яя
    • синяя → синей
    NEUTRO
    • Terminando em -о
    • окно → окна

    • Terminando em -е
    • поле → поля

    • Terminando em -мя
    • время → времени
    • Terminando em -ое
    • умное → умного

    • Terminando em -ее
    • длинношеее → длинношеего

    PLURAL MASCULINO
    • Terminando em consoante
    • стол → столов

    • Terminando em -ц e -й
    • месяц → месяцев
      герой → героев

    • Terminando em -ь, -ж, -ш, -щ e -ч
    • рубль → рублей
      нож → ножей
    • Terminando em -ые
    • красивые → красивым

    • Terminando em -ие
    • утренние → утренним

    FEMININO
    • Terminando em -а
    • луна → лун
      книга → книг

    • Terminando em -я
    • свинья → свиней

    • Terminando em -ь
    • ночь → ночи

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